Amrit Mahal: A breed of Mysore Royalty

Amrit Mahal Bull. Being used as Transport during the war.

The department of milk is nicknamed Amrit Mahal. Originally, the kings of Mysore State established a herd of cattle drawn from the area’s most common breeds to give milk and milk products to the palace. At the same time, the bullocks were used to transport army equipment.

Bullocks were divided into categories such as gun bullocks, pack bullocks, plow bullocks, and so on. They drew a lot of attention in the nineteenth century because of their endurance and ability to transport army equipment quickly. They are said to be capable of marching 100 kilometers in 2 1/2 days.

An Amrit Mahal Bull

The cattle at Amrit Mahal were originally divided into three types: Hallikar, Hagalvadi, and Chitaldroog. Before the year 1860, These three kinds appear to have been kept isolated from one another 1860. T economic concerns, the entire operation was closed down in 1860. By 1866, it was clear that an institution for the supply of cattle was required, and a herd was re-established throughout the year.

As a result, the Hallikar and closely similar types of cattle were used to establish the Amrit Mahal breed. Amrit Mahal cattle are normally a shade of grey ranging from virtually white to nearly black, with white-gray markings of a distinct pattern on the face and dewlap in certain cases. The nose, paws, and tail switch are normally black, however, the color seems paler in elderly animals. The development of the head and horns is the most noticeable feature of these animals. The head is well-formed, with a long, tapering nose. The center of the forehead is thin and wrinkled, and it bulges out somewhat. The horns arise from the top of the poll in an upward and backward .orientation, rather close together, and culminate in sharp black points. The long sharp points of ancient creatures.

They are similar in appearance and may even interlace to some extent. The eye appears to be bloodshot. The ears are tiny and taper to a point, and they are held horizontally. Cows of Karnataka

They’re yellow on the inside. The dewlap is narrow and only extends a short distance. The navel flat and sheath are both quite tiny and near to the body. In bulls, the hump is well-developed and shapely, growing to around 8 inches in height. With well-formed shoulders and hindquarters, the physique is compact and muscular. The neck is powerful and lengthy. With wide loins and a level rump, the back is level. Legs are medium in length and proportioned properly. The fetlocks are short, and the hooves are tiny, firm, and closely spaced. The skin is delicate. Short, silky hair, mellow a jet black in hue.


Because the cattle are allowed to roam freely in the pastures with no limitations o handling, they have an impatient, wild, and rebellious demeanor. They may be harmful at times, especially to strangers. In training, they require patience and care; harsh treatment causes them t become resistant. Once taught, they make excellent bullocks, especially for speedy transporting. They are said to have a lot of stamina. Cows are notoriously bad milkers. But their Dung, Urine is used in the manufacturing of Organic Cow Dung, Panchagavya and Agnihastra

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