Kankrej Cattle - Dual Purpose breed of Gujarat (Milch & Draught)

Synonyms: Vadhiyari

Breeding tract: It is named after the Kankrej taluka in North Gujarat. The breeding tract extends from the southwest corner of Banaskantha District, Kankrej Taluka, Tharparker District (now in Pakistan) to Ahmedabad, and from Disa to Radhanpur. Bullocks of this type are mostly used for agricultural tasks and road haulage in the village region. One of India's BEST dual-purpose breeds. It is a well-known breed generating strong and fast bullocks.

Age at First Parturition: 39 -56 months (NBAGR source: 33.88-55.92 Months with avg.-47.31 months)

Milk Production/ lactation: 1700-1900 Kg. (NBAGR source: 1097-3194 kg with avg. of 1746 Kg)

Parturition Interval: 13.33-21.02 Months with avg. of 16.12 months (NBAGR source)

Milk Fat percentage: 4.7-5% with avg. of 4.8% (NBAGR source) The gait of the Kankrej is peculiar to the breed; the action is smooth, there is hardly any movement of the body, the head is held noticeably high, the stride is long and even and the hind hoof is placed well ahead of the impression of the fore hoof. The breeders use this gait called 1¼ paces ("Sawai chal”).

• Total estimated Population in Gujarat state (2007): 26,81,764. Morphological Features

Colour: silver-grey to iron grey or steel grey

Horn Shape & Size: The horns are robust and curled outward and upward in a lyre form. In comparison to other breeds, their skin is curled to a greater extent.

Weight: Average 550-570 Kg (NBAGR source-525 Kg ) in Males and 330-370 Kg (NBAGR source-343 Kg.) in Females. It’s the heaviest breed of cattle. Strong lyre-shaped horns, large pendulous and open ears.

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