In the southern regions of Bombay State and the Krishna Valley tract of Hyderabad State in India, the Krishna Valley breed of cow is utilized solely in the black cotton soil of the watershed of the River Krishna and other adjacent rivers such as Ghatprabha and Malprabha.
Krishna Valley Cattle
The breed is quite new. Some Rajas of the Southern Mahratta kingdom, which is in the watershed of these rivers, are said to have sought to create a robust bullock for agriculture purposes in the sticky black cotton soil during the latter two decades of the nineteenth century. Gir cattle from Kathiawar, Ongole cattle from Madras, maybe Kankrej cattle from Gujarat, and local animals with Mysore-type blood were said to have been employed in the evolution.
Krishna Valley is a breed. Maharaja Sangli, a well-known Krishna Valley cow producer, played an important role in the judicious use of all of these strains to generate the desired type of animal, which was finally employed for breeding on a large scale. Even before the breed’s features were set to any degree, there was a lot of diversity in the breed’s qualities. The size of the plant was the most important feature that drew the attention of the farmers.
Krishna Valley Cattle
The breed may be found in the Bombay State districts of Satara, Belgaum, Dharwar, and portions of Bijapur, as well as the native states of Miraj, Sangli, Kolhapur, and Jamkhindi, all of which are now part of Bombay State. They are also bred in Hyderabad’s southern region. Because the breed is an amalgamation of at least three separate kinds, Gir from Kathiawar, Ongole from Madras State, and local creatures with Mysore basic type blood, it exhibits a diversity of features that have not been properly defined in its brief history of creation. Certain features, on the other Cows of Karnataka hand, were stressed by the initial breeders and had a better chance of surviving. The animal is huge, with a gigantic forearm and a deep, broad chest, but its build is sloppy. Gray-white with a deeper tone on the forequarters and hindquarters in males is the most desired color. Adult females have a whiter appearance. Hues such as brown and white, black and white, and mottled colors are frequently encountered. The brow has a pronounced protrusion that is topped by Small curving horns that normally arise from the poll’s outer angles in an outward direction and curve slightly upwards and inwards, but which vary greatly in size and form. The dewlap is welldeveloped and pendulous, and the neck is short and thick. The sheath is somewhat pendulous as well.
Krishna Valley Cow
The ears are tiny and pointed, with breeders preferring that they do not droop excessively. The barrel is huge and well-developed, while the body is short. The legs are small and robust, and they appear to be strong. Soft hooves are claimed to exist. The Krishna Valley is a heavy draught breed that may be used for both farming and pulling big goods in the black cotton soil area, which becomes particularly difficult to operate during the wet season. It also has milk production potential because of donations from Gir and Ongole. The breed’s milk-producing capability, on the other hand, is exceedingly varied. Because of the softness of the hooves and the large weight of the animals,
farmers outside of the breed’s natural country do not typically like them. Their huge size and heavy weight, however, drew the attention of breeders from Brazil and the United States of America, but animals of this type were not retained in these countries, even though they were exported.