The Dwarf cattle: Kasargod Cattle

The Kasaragod dwarf, also known as the Kullan, is one of India’s three most important dwarf cow breeds, alongside the Malnad Gidda and Vechur breeds. Kasargod dwarf is predominantly found in Kasargod, Kerala’s northernmost district, which is bordered on the west by a wide coastal area, on the south by plains, and on the north by mountainous areas. Mangalore, Coorg, and other districts of Karnataka are also home to the breed.

This type of cow was once known as Sahya Pashu (Sahyadri Hill Cows) and was found in Kannur and other areas of Kerala centuries ago. This breed is petite, amiable, and understanding, and has adapted well to Kerala’s hot and humid climate. It has great heat tolerance and disease resistance, and it can grow in a variety o environments. They may eat kitchen trash and scavenge from the forest Mastitis, a frequent udder infection, is also less common in this breed. Due to the popularity of zero-budget farming, the Kasaragod Dwarf breed is in high demand.

Kasargod Cow, Pasuthai Bangalore

Kasargod Cow, Pasuthai Bangalore

Those who are familiar with this breed believe that conserving these cattle can assist in agricultural communities to deal with their problem of sustainable advancement, as well as play an important role in rural growth and development.

Kasargod Cow, Pasuthai Bangalore

Kasargod Cow, Pasuthai Bangalore

This breed is not on the list of India’s 41 national cattle breeds documented by the National Bureau for Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) in Karnal, Haryana, while efforts are underway to get it included in the list of Kerala’s native cow breeds.


• The cattle are small yet beautifully proportioned. • They have a consistent coat of black or various colors of chocolate, brown, or white and a generally dark-skinned. There are also spotted ones. • The bulk of the cattle have black muzzles. • The majority of the eyelids, tail switch, hoofs, and horns are black. • The horns are usually short or medium in size, curled upward and outward, and vary in length and form. • The brow is perfectly straight. • The ears are average in length and are oriented horizontally. • The udder is tiny and bowl-shaped. • Teats are generally pink, however, black teats can be observed in black cows. • The tail is lengthy and reaches nearly to the ground. The tail switch is predominantly black, white, brown, and white accents. • Males’ average height is 107.3 cm, while ladies’ average height is 95.83 cm. • Males have an average body length of 134 cm while girls have an average body length of 124 cm. • Males’ average body weight is 194.3 kg, while ladies’ average body weight is 147.7 kg. • Males have an average chest girth of 133.1 cm while females have an average chest girth of 124.4 cm. • The calving interval is anything between 15 and 18 months. Cows of Karnataka • It consumes around 2 kg of feed every day, with daily milk production of around 1 liter.

Kasargod Cow, Pasuthai Bangalore

Kasargod Cow, Pasuthai Bangalore

At birth, the calves weigh barely 10.5 kg. In 2010, the Kasargod Dwarf Conservation Society was founded to improve the Kasargoddwarf breed. This effort now has over 200 breeders and organic farmers involved. North Kerala’s organic farmers are working hard to preserve and popularise this rare breed of cattle.

Bela Cattle Farm in Kerala’s Badiadukka panchayat is presently being established as a research center under the Central Veterinary University to investigate, research, and popularise the uncommon Kasaragod Dwarf breed.


Cow dung, Milk and cow urine of Kasargod cow has also been used in our products like PanchagavyaAgnihastraArks, and Organic Cow Dung Cake



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